BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

                                                                    AB 2114

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          Date of Hearing:  April 19, 2016
          Consultant:           Matt Dean


                       Reginald Byron Jones-Sawyer, Sr., Chair

                   2114 (Eduardo Garcia) - As Amended  April 12, 2016

          SUMMARY:  Appropriates $1.5 million for the purpose of creating reentry  
          service pilot programs in Alameda, Riverside, Los Angeles,  
          Monterey and Santa Clara counties.   Specifically, this bill:  

          1)Finds and declares all of the following:
             a)   Studies have consistently found that prisoners who  
               maintain close contact with their family members while  
               incarcerated have better post-release outcomes and lower  
               recidivism rates. Despite this, corrections officials are  
               often obstinate in supporting this communication with  
               respect to written correspondence, visitation, and phone  
             b)   Revising visitation policies to facilitate visits by  
               family members, investing in prison-based literacy programs  
               and less restrictive mail policies, and reducing intrastate  
               prison and jail phone rates would provide prisoners with  
               greater opportunities to maintain close relationships with  
               their families;

             c)   Research cites that positive fatherhood involvement  
               improves life trajectory for a child. Also, fatherhood  


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               involvement in a child's life protects against risk factors  
               that pose harm to children, such as problematic behavior,  
               maternal depression, and family economic hardship.  
               Fatherhood involvement is also associated with promoting  
               children's social and language skills; and

             d)   Specific examples of culturally relevant approaches to  
               parenting, fatherhood support, and young male mentorship  
               include Cara y Corazón, El Joven Noble, and Circulo de  
               Hombres, which have been chosen as the culturally based  
               family strengthening interventions in other initiatives.

          2)States that it is the intent of the Legislature to enact  
            legislation that accomplishes all of the following:
             a)   Supports and creates culturally competent programs that  
               increase opportunities for family friendly contact during  
               and after imprisonment;
             b)   Funds and creates culturally competent programmatic  
               support services and reentry strategies outside of  
               imprisonment that support fatherhood involvement, family  
               reunification, and family strengthening; and

             c)   Supports expanded funding for innovation on culturally  
               relevant parenting, fatherhood support, and young male  
               mentorship to decrease the risk of violence, suicide, and  
               other traumas that children of prisoners who are under 17  
               years of age may be exposed to by providing education,  
               skills-based training, and early intervention and treatment  
               referrals to parents, families, and children.

          3)Appropriates the sum of one million five hundred thousand  
            dollars ($1,500,000) from the General Fund to the Department  
            of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR). 
          4)States that the funds appropriated shall be allocated to each  
            of the following five counties in the event any of these  
            counties elect to participate in a pilot program:  Alameda,  
            Riverside, Los Angeles, Monterey, and Santa Clara.


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          5)Requires these funds to be used to create pilot programs in  
            each county which will provide reentry services and support to  
            persons who are, or who are scheduled to be, released from a  
            county jail. Each pilot program that receives funding pursuant  
            to this section shall include all of the following components:

             a)   Support services for recipients who are parent;.
             b)   A mentorship program that employs a culturally relevant,  
               population-specific approach that has been employed by  
               nonprofit organizations such as the National Compadres  
               Network and the Brotherhood of Elders;

             c)   The establishment of a collaborative body of training  
               and technical advisors;

             d)   The establishment of a Youth Advisory Council to help  
               inform and guide program leaders;

             e)   Leadership opportunities, particularly for youth;

             f)   Services to address mental health issues, including  
               mental health issues relating to sexual exploitation,  
               racial and ethnic disparities, and trauma; and

             g)   An advisory committee in each county to oversee the  
               establishment and implementation of the pilot program in  
               the county.

          6)States that a pilot program shall be eligible to receive  
            funding pursuant to this section only if the service providers  
            meet all of the following criteria:
             a)   Each provider has a proven track record of providing  
               meaningful, culturally based programming, including the  
               support of gender specific and gender fluid approaches;


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             b)   Each provider offers services that support culturally  
               based family strengthening, character development, and  
               community mobilization; and

             c)   Each provider offers services both before and after the  
               recipient's release from a county jail.

          7)Requires counties that elect to participate in a pilot program  
            to conduct a study and report to the Legislature on the  
            effectiveness of the pilot program.

          EXISTING LAW:  

          1)Grants and defines the authority of CDCR to operate pilot  
            programs that affect inmates.  (Pen. Code, § 5058.1.)

          2)Gives preference to counties siting reentry centers and mental  
            health day treatment and crisis care so that parolees with  
            mental health and substance abuse needs can continue to  
            receive services at the conclusion of their period of parole.   
            (Gov. Code, § 15820.907, Pen. Code, § 3073.)

          3)Creates CDCR authority for the oversight body for  
            rehabilitation programs under their control.  (Pen. Code, §  

          FISCAL EFFECT:  Unknown


          1)Author's Statement:  According to the author, "AB 2114 seeks  
            to address the social and systemic barriers that incarcerated  
            and previously incarcerated men and woman face through  
            facilitating healthy relationships with their families.
            "Addressing the barriers faced by re-entry from prison not  
            only supports the well-being of the individual and their  
            families but also the strengthening of their communities."


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          2)Background:  According to background submitted by the author,  
            "As of March 2015, the California prison population stood at  
            112,300. Less than two thirds of California's adult male  
            population is nonwhite or Latino (60 percent), but these  
            groups make up three of every four men in prison: Latinos are  
            42 percent, Blacks are 29 percent, and other races are 6  
            percent. Among adult men in 2013, Blacks were incarcerated at  
            a rate of 4,367 per 100,000, compared to 922 for Latinos, 488  
            for non-Latino whites, and 34 for Asians.
            "About half of men in prison are fathers of minor children and  
            42 percent of fathers lived with their children at the time of  
            their arrest.

            "Incarceration of fathers destabilizes and harms their  
            families in many ways. Two-thirds of incarcerated parents are  
            nonviolent offenders; however, contact between them and their  
            families is severely restricted and there are very few  
            policies in place that protect and advocate for the rights of  
            their children. Children with incarcerated parents are three  
            times more likely to suffer from developmental or behavioral  
            problems, along with mental health problems such as  

          3)Office of Offender Services:  To address and other issues  
            facing inmates who are about to be released, CDCR has created  
            many offender programs under the Office of Offender Services.   
            These programs include Substance Abuse Services Coordination  
            Agencies, for referral, placement and treatment for drug abuse  
            with case managers; the Female Offender Treatment and  
            Employment Program, which allows female parolees to live with  
            their children in a community setting for up to 15 months; the  
            Parolee Services Network, which connects CDCR to the  
            Department of Healthcare Services; and Parolee Service  
            Centers, which provide residency and support services to help  
            parolees maintain employment.  This bill would create  
            additional pilot programs to help parents in the criminal  
            justice system connect with their children while they serve  
            their commitments.

          4)Argument in Support:  According to Youth Alliance, "Youth  
            Alliance supports the National Compadres Network's effort to  


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            pass this bill because our organization's purpose is in close  
            alignment with the mission of NCN and the goals of the bill.  
            NCN's mission is to strengthen, rebalance, and/or redevelop  
            the traditional "Compadre" extended family system by building  
            on natural opportunity factors and on what is culturally  
            considered healthy within an individual, family, community or  
            culture. The mission of the Youth Alliance is to provide  
            innovative services that strengthen and enrich youth and  
            families. Our focus is in rural and semirural communities that  
            are often struggling to create comprehensive and culturally  
            relevant services. AB 2114 provides critical support to help  
            transform lives and families by creating additional paths of  
            hope and opportunity to a significantly underserved and highly  
            impacted population. 

            "This bill will seek to address the social and systemic  
            barriers that incarcerated and previously incarcerated fathers  
            face through facilitating healthy relationships with their  
            families. Addressing the barriers faced by re-entry from  
            prison not only supports the well-being of fathers and their  
            families but also the strengthening of their communities. 

            "Incarceration's impact on family life is made worse by the  
            fact that facilities are often located far from cities, high  
            phone costs, and disproportionate sentencing means that  
            fathers and their families rarely see each other. Re-entering  
            society also presents obstacles. With access to public housing  
            and assistance restricted by law to non-felons, many struggle  
            to find suitable living arrangements and financial support.  
            Securing employment is also difficult for many returning  
            fathers, who often have limited education and vocational  
            skills, while facing significant legal and non-legal barriers  
            to meaningful employment. All these factors contribute to the  
            immense challenges facing formerly incarcerated fathers."

          5)Prior Legislation:  AB 900 (Solorio), Chapter 7, Statutes of  
            2007, requires CDCR to develop and implement a plan to obtain  
            additional rehabilitation and treatment services for prison  
            inmates and parolees, an Inmate Treatment and  
            Prison-to-Employment Plan, and creates the California  
            Rehabilitation Oversight Board.


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          National Compadres Network (Sponsor)
          Boys & Girls Club of Coachella Valley
          California Attorneys for Criminal Justice
          California Catholic Conference, Inc.
          California Partnership
          California Public Defenders Association
          Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice
          Coachella Valley Unified School District ASES Office
          Community Asset Development Redefining Education
          Health Career Connection, Inc.
          Legal Services for Prisoners with Children
          Mayor of Coachella Steven A. Hernández  (or is it City of  
          Monterey Bay Central Labor Council, AFL-CIO
          National Association of Social Workers
          One Circle Foundation
          Raices Cultura
          Raimi + Associates
          Riverside County Latino Commission
          Soledad Enrichment Action
          United Roots
          Youth Alliance
          YWCA - MC


          Analysis Prepared  
          by:              Matt Dean / PUB. S. / (916) 319-3744


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