AB 1025, as amended, Thurmond. Pupil health: multitiered and integrated interventions pilot program.
Existing law establishes a system of public elementary and secondary schools in this state, and provides for the establishment of school districts and other local educational agencies to operate these schools and provide instruction to pupils. Existing law requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction, among his or her other duties, to serve as the chief executive officer of the State Department of Education.
This bill, until January 1, 2020, would require
begin delete the State Department of Educationend delete to establish a 3-year pilot program to encourage inclusive practices that integrate mental health, special education, and school climate interventions following a multitiered framework in school districts that apply to participate, as specified. The bill would require begin delete the State Department of Educationend delete to select schools where at least 60% of the student body is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal program and whose applications provide begin delete an estimate for the amount of funding being requested for startup and evaluationend delete and detail a model approach that targets the behavioral, emotional, and academic needs of pupils with multitiered and integrated mental health, special education, and school climate interventions. The bill, in accordance with begin delete the enactment of an
appropriation for this purpose,end delete would require the begin delete State Department of Educationend delete to provide startup and evaluation funding to each school participating in the pilot program, and would require the begin delete schools to provide certain information to the State Department of Educationend delete in accordance with a comprehensive evaluation plan developed by the begin delete State Department of Health Care Services, the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission, and the State Department of Educationend delete to assess the impact of the pilot program and disseminate best practices. begin delete The bill would require the State Department of
Education to submit a report to the Legislature evaluating the success of the pilot program at the end of the 3-year period.end delete The bill would require the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission to revise its guidelines and regulations regarding prevention and early intervention programs in K-12 schools, as specified.
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that pupils
2from all backgrounds and circumstances in California deserve
3adequate behavioral and academic support to achieve their full
4potential. The Legislature further finds and declares all of the
6(1) Pupils in California face relational and environmental
7stressors that diminish their ability to achieve their full potential.
8Among these complex challenges may be poverty, frequent
9exposure to violence, placement in the foster care system, and
10other negative experiences that result in chronic stress and trauma.
11Nearly 700,000 pupils in California receive special education
12services, and nearly one-in-four youth are living in poverty. Nearly
1360,000 youth are currently placed in foster care, and as many as
1420 percent of youth are in need of mental health interventions.
15(2) Pupils with these stressors are frequently failed by the current
16policies and systems in place, as measured by indicators for
17academic outcomes, social inclusion, emotional development,
18mental health support, and general pupil well-being.
19(A) In California, more than 20 percent of special education
20pupils spend less than 40 percent of their day within their regular
21classroom, an indicator of inclusion, compared to 14 percent of
22special education pupils nationally and a federal target of less than
24(B) Only 59 percent of
special education pupils graduated from
25high school within four years in the 2010-11 fiscal year compared
26to 76 percent of all pupils.
27(C) Statewide, a recent study found only 58 percent of foster
28youth in grade 12 graduated compared to 85 percent of all youth,
29with nearly 14 percent of foster youth in grade 12 dropping out of
31(D) Far too often, youth with mental health challenges do not
32receive the services they need. For instance, one study found that
33nearly two-thirds of adolescents who experienced a major
34depressive disorder in the last year did not receive treatment.
35(E) Even by grade 3, low-income pupils perform substantially
36below their higher income peers in areas of social and emotional
37skill, social and emotional development, engagement in school,
38and physical well-being.
P4 1(3) Current funding practices fail to adequately incentivize
2schools to invest in front-end preventative measures that would
3reduce overall cost of special education.
4(4) Delivery of comprehensive community-based support and
5resources requires a high level of collaboration among schools,
6school districts, and county mental health agencies.
7(5) Inclusive multitiered systems of behavioral and academic
8supports are essential to providing high-quality, cost-effective
9special education programs that benefit all pupils.
10(6) The State Department of Education has recently received a
11grant from the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
12Administration to develop these special education programs and
13has selected the City of Santa Rosa, the City of Garden Grove, and
14the County of San Diego for pilot programs.
15(7) Similar pilot programs are already established in the City
16of Oakland and in the County of San Bernardino.
17(8) The programs in the City of Oakland and the County of San
18Bernardino are demonstrating that these programs generate savings
19that more than offset their costs.
20(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that, upon demonstrated
21success of the pilot program established pursuant to Section 49440
22of the Education Code, the evaluated models can be adopted by a
23large number of schools to increase the efficient and effective
24utilization of available community resources in order to promote
25the success of all pupils.
Article 3 (commencing with Section 49440) is added
27to Chapter 9 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Education
28Code, to read:
(a) As part of the plan to provide technical assistance
33and disseminate statewide resources that encourage and assist local
34educational agencies in establishing and aligning schoolwide,
35data-driven systems of learning and behavioral supports, the
begin delete departmentend delete
37 shall establish
40a three-year pilot program in accordance with this article to
P5 1encourage inclusive practices that integrate mental health, special
2education, and school climate interventions following a multitiered
4(b) In accordance with
begin delete moneys appropriated in the annual for the purpose of implementing this article, the
5Budget Act or another statuteend delete
begin delete departmentend delete shall establish the pilot program in begin delete threeend delete schools
10in each of five school districts that apply to participate through the
11submission of detailed applications providing estimates for the
12amount of funding being requested for startup and evaluation of
13the program and specifying their intended models. The schools
14selected shall not include schools that received a federal Substance
15Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s “Now is The
16Time” grant. The
begin delete departmentend delete
shall select schools where at least
1860 percent of the student body is eligible for a free or reduced-price
19meal program and whose applications detail a model approach that targets the
22behavioral, emotional, and academic needs of pupils with
23multitiered and integrated mental health, special education, and
24school climate interventions. In addition to reflecting the school’s
25specific culture and needs, a school’s model shall include all of
27(1) Formalized collaboration with local mental health agencies
28to provide school-based mental health services that are integrated
29within a multitiered system of support.
begin deleteLeverage end deleteof school and community resources
35to offer comprehensive multitiered interventions on a sustainable
37(3) An initial school climate assessment that includes
38information from multiple stakeholders, including school staff,
39pupils, and families, that is used to inform the selection of strategies
40and interventions that reflect the culture and goals of the school.
P6 1(4) A coordination of services team that considers referrals for
2services, oversees schoolwide efforts, and uses data-informed
3processes to identify struggling pupils who require early
5(5) Whole school strategies that address school climate and
6universal pupil well-being, such as positive behavioral interventions
7and supports or the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, as well
8as comprehensive professional development opportunities, that
9build the capacity of the entire school community to recognize and
10respond to the unique social-emotional, behavioral, and academic
11 needs of pupils.
12(6) Targeted interventions for pupils with identified
13social-emotional, behavioral, and academic needs, such as
14therapeutic group interventions, functional behavioral analysis and
15plan development, and targeted skill groups.
16(7) Intensive services, such as wraparound, behavioral
17intervention, or one-on-one support, that can reduce the need for
18a pupil’s referral to special education or placement in more
19restrictive, isolated settings.
20(8) Specific strategies and practices that ensure parent
21engagement with the school and provide parents with access to
22resources that support their children’s educational success.
23(c) In accordance with
begin delete an appropriation in the annual
24Act or another statuteend delete
26 for the purpose of implementing this article, the
begin delete departmentend delete
28 shall provide startup and evaluation funding to each school
29participating in the pilot program in the following amounts:
30(1) Two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) in year one.
31(2) Two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) in year two.
32(3) One hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000) in year three.
33(d) (1) The State Department of Health Care Services, the
34Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission,
35and the department shall develop a comprehensive evaluation plan
36to assess the impact of the pilot program and disseminate best
9(2) Outcomes and indicators to be reported pursuant to this
10subdivision by schools participating in the pilot program shall
11include, but need not be limited to, those already being collected
12by schools, as well as designated measures of pupil well-being,
13academic achievement, and school engagement and attendance.
14(3) (A) The department, in compliance with Section 9795 of
15the Government Code, shall submit a report to the Legislature at
16the end of the three-year period evaluating the success of the
17program and making further recommendations. The department
18shall make the report available to the public, and shall post it on
19the department’s Internet Web site.
20(B) The requirement to submit a report to the
21imposed under subparagraph (A) is inoperative, pursuant to Section
2210231.5 of the Government Code, four years after the report is
24(e) The Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability
25Commission shall revise its guidelines and regulations for
26Prevention and Early Intervention Programs of the Mental Health
27Services Act, pursuant to Section 5840 of the Welfare and
28Institutions Code, to require that these prevention and early
29intervention programs in K-12 schools are designed to support
30the implementation or expansion of model programs in accordance
31with the criteria set forth in this section.
This article shall remain in effect only until January 1,
332020, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute,
34that is enacted before January 1, 2020, deletes or extends that date.