BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó






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          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                        AB 606|
          |Office of Senate Floor Analyses   |                              |
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                                   THIRD READING 


          Bill No:  AB 606
          Author:   Levine (D)
          Amended:  8/25/15 in Senate
          Vote:     21  

           SENATE GOVERNMENTAL ORG. COMMITTEE:  12-0, 6/29/15
           AYES:  Hall, Berryhill, Block, Gaines, Glazer, Hernandez, Hill,  
            Hueso, Lara, McGuire, Runner, Vidak
           NO VOTE RECORDED:  Galgiani

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE:  7-0, 8/17/15
           AYES:  Lara, Bates, Beall, Hill, Leyva, Mendoza, Nielsen

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  76-0, 5/26/15 - See last page for vote

           SUBJECT:   Water conservation


          SOURCE:    Ms. Honda's fourth grade class, Manor Elementary,  
          Fairfax, CA

          DIGEST:    This bill requires state agencies to reduce water  
          consumption and increase water efficiencies on state property  
          when building on state-owned property, purchasing, or replacing  
          landscaping or irrigation, as specified.  This requirement only  
          applies when feasible and cost effective, as determined by the  
          state agency.

          Senate Floor Amendments of 8/25/15 add the use of on-site water  
          recycling to the list of measures that are encouraged to be used  
          to reduce water consumption and increase water efficiency by  
          state agencies.









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          ANALYSIS:
          
          Existing law:

          1)Requires the Department of General Services (DGS) to provide  
            planning, acquisition, construction, and maintenance of state  
            buildings and property, and maintain a statewide property  
            inventory of all real property held by the state.

          2)Requires DGS, in consultation with the State Energy Resources  
            Conservation and Development Commission, and with the  
            concurrence of the Department of Finance, to identify each  
            public building in DGS's state property inventory where it is  
            feasible for that building to reduce energy consumption and  
            achieve energy efficiencies, as specified, and make retrofits,  
            as specified.

          3)Provides that the California Department of Transportation  
            (Caltrans) has full possession and control of all state  
            highways and associated property.

          4)Authorizes Caltrans to perform work required to alleviate or  
            repair damage to property during declared emergencies, as  
            specified.

          This bill:

          1)Requires state agencies to reduce water consumption and  
            increase water efficiencies on state property when building on  
            state-owned property, purchasing, or replacing landscaping or  
            irrigation, where feasible, through any or all of the  
            following measures:

             a)   Replacement of landscaping with drought-tolerant plants  
               with an emphasis on native plant species.

             b)   Replacement of irrigation timers to permit efficient  
               watering schedules.

             c)   Replacement of existing irrigation with drip irrigation,  
               bubblers, or low precipitation spray nozzles, or a  
               combination of these irrigation methods.

             d)   Implementation of recycled water irrigation or rainwater  







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               capture irrigation or both.

             e)   Installation of irrigation submeters.

             f)   Use of on-site water recycling.

          2)Exempts state-owned real property that is leased to a private  
            party for agricultural purposes.

          3)Defines "feasible" to mean that the water efficiency measures  
            may be accomplished in a cost-effective manner within a  
            reasonable period of time, taking into account life-cycle cost  
            analyses and technological factors, as determined by the state  
            agency.

          Background
          
          Purpose of the bill.  According to the author, "as we enter into  
          our fourth year of drought, the U.S. Geological Services reports  
          that California reservoirs were 57% below average levels as of  
          September 2014.  These conditions have led Californians to  
          engage in creative measures to reduce water consumption across  
          the spectrum. AB 606 will require state owned lands to reduce  
          water consumption where feasible."`

          California's Response to the Drought.  On January 17, 2014 the  
          Governor of the State of California proclaimed a State of  
          Emergency because of the prolonged California drought and asked  
          all Californians to reduce water consumption by 20 percent.  The  
          proclamation directed local water suppliers to immediately  
          implement local water shortage contingency plans.  In addition,  
          the proclamation directed the California Department of Water  
          Resources and the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) to  
          accelerate funding for projects that could break ground in 2014  
          and enhance water supplies as well as ordering the SWRCB to  
          consider modifying requirements for release of water from  
          reservoirs or diversion limitations so that water may be  
          conserved in reservoirs and maintain water supplies and improve  
          water quality.

          On April 25, 2014, the Governor issued as executive order to  
          speed up actions necessary to reduce the harmful effects of the  
          drought and called on all Californians to double their efforts  
          to conserve water.  At the end of 2014 Governor Brown issued  







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          Executive Order B-28-12 to extend the operation of provisions of  
          the previous executive order. 

          On April 1, 2015 Governor Brown issued Executive Order B-29-15  
          and ordered the SWRCB to impose restrictions to achieve a 25  
          percent reduction in potable urban water usage through February  
          28, 2016; directed the California Department of Water Resources  
          to lead a statewide initiative, in partnership with local  
          agencies, to collectively replace 50 million square feet of  
          lawns and ornamental turf with drought tolerant landscapes; and  
          directed the California Energy Commission to implement a  
          statewide appliance rebate program to provide monetary  
          incentives for the replacement of inefficient household devices.

          Prior/Related Legislation
          
          SB 553 (Wolk, 2015) requires DGS to identify each public  
          property in the department's state property inventory where it  
          is feasible for water consumption to be reduced and water  
          efficiencies to be achieved through implementation of the  
          relevant recommendations made in the model water efficient  
          landscape ordinance and would require DGS to implement relevant  
          recommendations where feasible, except as specified.  (Held in  
          Senate Appropriations Committee)

          SB 552 (Wolk, 2015) requires the SWRCB to report to the  
          Legislature on recommendations for solutions to the managerial,  
          technical and maintenance fund hurdle that small, disadvantaged  
          communities face in building and maintaining water treatment  
          facilities and thereby obtaining funding to do so.  (Pending in  
          Assembly Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials Committee)

          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:YesLocal:   No   

          According to the Senate Appropriations Committee, state agencies  
          are not likely to incur significant costs to incorporate  
          water-water saving measures in the course of construction on  
          state property or replacing landscaping or irrigation.  The bill  
          provides sufficient flexibility to state departments to make  
          efficiency improvement only when feasible and cost-effective.   
          The bill could also result in unknown future savings related to  
          reduced water consumption on state properties. 








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          SUPPORT:   (Verified8/25/15)


          Ms. Honda's fourth grade class, Manor Elementary, Fairfax, CA  
          (source)
          Association of California Water Agencies
          California Landscape Contractors Association
          California Municipal Utilities Association
          California Native Plant Society
          City of Sacramento
          East Valley Water District
          Irvine Ranch Water District
          Nexus eWater, Inc.
          Regional Water Authority
          San Diego County Water Authority
          Sierra Club California
          Sonoma County Water Agency
          Southern California Water Committee
          The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California
          Water Reuse California


          OPPOSITION:   (Verified8/25/15)


          None received

          ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT:  Ms. Honda, 4th grade teacher at Manor  
          Elementary School in Fairfax, California, writes in support of  
          the bill stating that her students helped to inspire and write  
          AB 606.  She argues that the bill focuses on using water  
          efficient irrigation methods and replacing landscaping with  
          drought tolerant plants with an emphasis on native plant  
          species.  Ms. Honda argues that, "this would help our birds and  
          bees and other wildlife by creating pockets of habitat for  
          them." 

          According to the San Diego Water Authority, "given that  
          landscape irrigation represents approximately 43 percent of  
          urban water use, according to the Department of Water Resources,  
          and that California is prone to cycles of drought and water  
          shortage, such as the prolonged multi-year drought the state is  
          presently experiencing, AB 606 would ensure the state take an  







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          important leadership role in implementing water efficient  
          landscape practices."

          ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  76-0, 5/26/15
          AYES:  Achadjian, Alejo, Travis Allen, Baker, Bigelow, Bonilla,  
            Bonta, Brough, Brown, Burke, Calderon, Campos, Chang, Chau,  
            Chiu, Chu, Cooley, Cooper, Dababneh, Dahle, Daly, Dodd,  
            Eggman, Frazier, Beth Gaines, Gallagher, Cristina Garcia,  
            Eduardo Garcia, Gatto, Gipson, Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gray,  
            Grove, Hadley, Roger Hernández, Holden, Irwin, Jones,  
            Jones-Sawyer, Kim, Lackey, Levine, Linder, Lopez, Low,  
            Maienschein, Mayes, McCarty, Medina, Melendez, Mullin,  
            Nazarian, Obernolte, O'Donnell, Olsen, Patterson, Perea,  
            Quirk, Rendon, Ridley-Thomas, Rodriguez, Salas, Santiago,  
            Steinorth, Mark Stone, Thurmond, Ting, Wagner, Waldron, Weber,  
            Wilk, Williams, Wood, Atkins
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Bloom, Chávez, Harper, Mathis

          Prepared by:Felipe Lopez / G.O. / (916) 651-1530
          8/26/15 17:08:44


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