BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                              Senator Isadore Hall, III
                                2015 - 2016  Regular 

          Bill No:           AB 362           Hearing Date:    6/9/2015
          |Author:    |Waldron                                              |
          |Version:   |3/16/2015    Amended                                 |
          |Urgency:   |No                     |Fiscal:      |Yes             |
          |Consultant:|Felipe Lopez                                         |
          |           |                                                     |

          SUBJECT: State printing: demonstration project: process free  

            DIGEST:    This bill allows the Department of General Services  
          (DGS) to engage in a pilot program to show the environmental and  
          economic benefits that may be achieved by utilizing "process  
          free printing plates."  The bill requires that if DGS conducts  
          such a pilot, that the participating private vendor will pay for  
          the project's cost. 

          Existing law:
          1)Requires that all the state printing shall be done in the  
            Office of State Printing.

          2)Specifies that DGS shall execute promptly all order for  
            printing or binding received from the various state agencies. 

          This bill:

          1)Authorizes DGS to engage in a "process free printing plates"  
            pilot project to demonstrate the possible environmental and  
            economic benefits of this technology and associated technology  
            for state printing jobs.

          2)Specifies that DGS shall make best efforts to adhere to the  


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            following best practices:

             a)   Reduce the overall chemical usage in making printing  
             b)   Maximize the use of low-volatile organic compounds and  
               less hazardous chemicals.
             c)   Minimize water usage.
             d)   Reduce electricity usage.
             e)   Maximize the recycling of paper, ink, aluminum plates,  
               and related materials.
             f)   Reduce the carbon footprint. 

          3)Requires that if DGS conducts such a pilot, the participating  
            private vendor shall pay for costs associated with the  
            demonstration project, including process free printing plates,  
            necessary for the pilot project. 

          4)Defines "process free printing plates" as printing plates that  
            can be put on press in offset printing, also known as  
            lithography, immediately after imaging on a platesetter, with  
            no intermediary plate processing step required. 


          Purpose of the bill.  According to the author, traditional  
          printing plates are imaged on a platesetter, and then the plates  
          are run through a bath of chemical developer and water in the  
          plate processing equipment.  Once processed, the plates are put  
          on the printing press to begin the printing.  The author argues  
          that this process uses a lot of water and a lot of chemicals  
          that are hard on the environment. 

          The author concludes that process free plates use newer  
          technology to skip the chemical processing step completely which  
          dramatically reduces water and chemical use compared to the  
          traditional printing process. 

          Kodak's SONORA XP Process Free Plate.   Kodak's SONORA XP  
          Process Free Plate is a thermal plate that requires no  
          processing equipment or chemistry, using press-ready technology  
          to enable a printer to go directly from platesetter to press  
          with no intermediary processing or clean-out step.   According  
          to the Kodak website, benefits of Process Free Plates include  
          the reduction of energy, water, and chemistry costs; freeing up  
          space by eliminating processing equipment; eliminating the  


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          variability from processing to improve consistency and quality;  
          getting to press faster; reducing maintenance costs and downtime  
          with less equipment; and providing a cleaner, and safer working  

          Prior/Related Legislation
          SB 1079 (Walters, Chapter 513, Statutes of 2010) clarified the  
          placement of paid advertisements in state agency publications to  
          reflect current practice. 

          SB 528 (Maldonado, Chapter 381, Statutes 2005) struck the sunset  
          on the Advertising Pilot Project which allows state agencies to  
          include advertisements in their publications as a means of  
          reducing printing costs.

          AB 2315 (Chu, Chapter 220, Statutes of 2002) allowed the Office  
          of State Printing to accept paid advertisements in materials  
          printed or published by the state. 

          FISCAL EFFECT:                 Appropriation:  No    Fiscal  
          Com.:             Yes          Local:          No




          None received

          ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT:    According to Kodak, offset printing,  
          the dominant printing method, typically uses traditional  
          printing plates that are developed in a bath of chemicals,  
          consuming much precious water in the process.  Kodak argues that  
          process free printing plates use newer technology that skips the  
          chemical processing stem completely; saving water and energy,  
          removing chemical and waste, and reducing the overall carbon  
          footprint of printing. 

          Kodak concludes that this bill would show state government how  
          it could exercise more leadership in environmental stewardship  
          through the use of green procurement and sustainable management  
          practices while maintaining high quality print projects for all  


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          government clients it serves.