California Legislature—2015–16 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 245

Introduced by Assembly Member Lackey

February 9, 2015

An act to amend Section 14026 of the Elections Code, relating to elections.


AB 245, as introduced, Lackey. California Voting Rights Act of 2001.

The California Voting Rights Act of 2001 (CVRA) prohibits the use of an at-large election in a political subdivision if it would impair the ability of a protected class, as defined, to elect candidates of its choice or otherwise influence the outcome of an election. The CVRA provides that a violation of the act is established if it is shown that racially polarized voting, as defined, has occurred, and provides that the occurrence of racially polarized voting shall be determined from examining the results of elections in which at least one candidate is a member of a protected class or elections involving ballot measures or other electoral choices that affect the rights and privileges of members of a protected class. The CVRA provides that a voter who is a member of a protected class, as specified, may bring an action in superior court to enforce the provisions of the CVRA, and, if the voter prevails in the case, he or she may be awarded reasonable litigation costs and attorney’s fees.

This bill would make technical, nonsubstantive changes to provisions of law defining several terms for purposes of the CVRA.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: no. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1


Section 14026 of the Elections Code is amended
2to read:



As used in this chapter:

4(a) “At-large method of election” means any of the following
5methods of electing members to the governing body of a political

7(1) One in which the voters of the entire jurisdiction elect the
8members to the governing body.

9(2) One in which the candidates are required to reside within
10given areas of the jurisdiction and the voters of the entire
11jurisdiction elect the members to the governing body.

12(3) One which combines at-large elections with district-based

14(b) “District-based elections” means a method of electing
15members to the governing body of a political subdivision in which
16the candidate must reside within an election district that is a
17divisible part of the political subdivision and is elected only by
18voters residing within that election district.

19(c) “Political subdivision” means a geographic area of
20representation created for the provision of government services,
21including, but not limited to, a city, a school district, a community
22college district, or other district organized pursuant to state law.

23(d) “Protected class” means a class of voters who are members
24of a race,begin delete colorend deletebegin insert color,end insert or language minority group, as this class is
25begin delete referenced andend delete defined in the federal Voting Rights Act (42 U.S.C.
26Sec. 1973 et seq.).

27(e) “Racially polarized voting” means voting in which there is
28a difference, as defined in case law regarding enforcement of the
29federal Voting Rights Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1973 et seq.), in the
30choice of candidates or other electoral choices that are preferred
31by voters in a protected class, and in the choice of candidates and
32electoral choices that are preferred by voters in the rest of the
33electorate. The methodologies for estimating group voting behavior
34as approved in applicable federal cases to enforce the federal
35Voting Rights Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1973 et seq.) to establish racially
P3    1polarized voting may be used for purposes of this section to prove
2that elections are characterized by racially polarized voting.