Amended in Assembly January 26, 2015

California Legislature—2015–16 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 101


Introduced by Assembly Member Alejo

January 8, 2015


begin deleteAn act to amend Section 33500 of the Education Code, relating to state educational programs. end deletebegin insertAn act to add Section 51226.7 to the Education Code, relating to pupil instruction.end insert

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

AB 101, as amended, Alejo. begin deleteState educational programs: educational advisory bodies. end deletebegin insertPupil instruction: ethnic studies.end insert

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Existing law requires the adopted course of study for grades 7 to 12, inclusive, to include, among other subjects, the social sciences. Existing law requires the State Board of Education, with the assistance of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, to establish a list of textbooks and other instructional materials that highlight the contributions of minorities in the development of California and the United States.

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This bill would require the Superintendent to oversee the development of, and the board to adopt, a model curriculum framework, professional development standards, and other support systems to ensure quality courses in ethnic studies. The bill would require the Superintendent to establish an Ethnic Studies Advisory Committee and would require the committee to advise, assist, and make recommendations to the board about programs, professional development, curriculum content, and other issues related to ethnic studies. The bill would require the Superintendent, on or before June 30, 2016, to submit to the board a plan to fully implement these requirements. The bill would, beginning the school year following the adoption of the model curriculum, require each school district maintaining any of grades 7 to 12, inclusive, to offer, as an elective course in the social sciences, a course of study in ethnic studies based on the model curriculum framework. Because school districts would be required to offer ethnic studies courses, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

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The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.

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This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to these statutory provisions.

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Existing law establishes preschool programs and public and private elementary and secondary schools throughout the state. Existing law also establishes the State Board of Education and the State Department of Education to provide guidance and support to local educational agencies and other entities that operate schools and preschool programs, and further authorizes the establishment and operation of numerous educational programs on the state level that are administered by the state board, the department, or other state agencies.

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Existing law expresses the finding and declaration of the Legislature that there is a need to encourage the adoption of new or improved educational ideas, practices, and techniques in solving critical educational problems in preschool, elementary, and secondary schools throughout the state, but that there are a large number of permanent commissions, committees, and councils, some of which have overlapping duties and functions or that have been perpetuated in existence beyond the original need or purpose for which they were created. Existing law expresses the intent of the Legislature to create 3 levels of educational advisory bodies, as specified.

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This bill would make nonsubstantive changes in these provisions.

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Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: begin deleteno end deletebegin insertyesend insert. State-mandated local program: begin deleteno end deletebegin insertyesend insert.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1begin insert

begin insertSECTION 1.end insert  

end insert
begin insert

The Legislature finds and declares all of the
2following:

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P3    1(a) The State of California is committed to providing excellent
2educational opportunities to all of its pupils.

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3(b) There are 92 languages other than English spoken
4throughout the state, with the primary languages being Arabic,
5Armenian, Cantonese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, and
6Vietnamese.

end insert
begin insert

7(c) There is a growing library of academic research that shows
8 the importance of culturally meaningful and relevant curriculum.

end insert
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9(d) Based on the National Education Association (NEA)
10publication, The Academic and Social Value of Ethnic Studies, the
11inclusion of ethnic studies in a curriculum has a positive impact
12on students of color.

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13(e) Ethnic studies benefit pupils in observable ways, such as
14pupils becoming more academically engaged, increasing their
15performance on academic tests, improving their graduation rates,
16and developing a sense of self-efficacy and personal empowerment.

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17(f) The state’s educational standards should be guided by core
18values of equity, inclusiveness, and universally high expectations.

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19(g) The state is committed to its efforts to provide all pupils with
20excellent educational opportunities, without regard to race, gender,
21ethnicity, nationality, income, sexual orientation, or disability.

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22(h) The state is committed to its obligation to ensure its youth
23are college prepared and career ready, while graduating 100
24percent of its pupils.

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25(i) The implementation of various ethnic studies courses within
26California’s curriculum that are A-G approved, with the objective
27of preparing pupils to be global citizens with an appreciation for
28the contributions of multiple cultures, will close the achievement
29gap, reduce student truancy, increase student enrollment, reduce
30dropout rates, and increase graduation rates.

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31(j) The state should support efforts in recruiting and retaining
32teachers who have relevant experience and educational
33background in the study or teaching of ethnic studies.

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34begin insert

begin insertSEC. 2.end insert  

end insert

begin insertSection 51226.7 is added to the end insertbegin insertEducation Codeend insertbegin insert, to
35read:end insert

begin insert
36

begin insert51226.7.end insert  

(a) The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall
37oversee the development of, and the State Board of Education shall
38adopt, a model curriculum framework, professional development
39standards, and other support systems to ensure quality courses of
40study in ethnic studies through partnerships with universities with
P4    1ethnic studies programs. The model curriculum framework shall
2meet the A-G approval requirements of the Regents of the
3University of California.

4(b) (1) On or before the beginning of the 2016-17 school year,
5the Superintendent shall establish an Ethnic Studies Advisory
6Committee consisting of relevant stakeholders, including, but not
7limited to, students, parents, state personnel, ethnic studies
8scholars, university professors, and teachers with ethnic studies
9experience.

10(2) The Ethnic Studies Advisory Committee shall advise, assist,
11and make recommendations to the board about programs,
12professional development, curriculum content, and other issues
13related to ethnic studies.

14(c) On or before June 30, 2016, the Superintendent shall submit
15to the board a plan to fully implement this section that includes,
16at a minimum, key actions needed to overcome any challenges
17foreseen to implementing this section, time tables, staffing
18responsibilities, and budget requirements.

19(d) Beginning the school year following the adoption of the
20model curriculum framework pursuant to subdivision (a), each
21school district maintaining any of grades 7 to 12, inclusive, shall
22offer to all otherwise qualified pupils in those grades, as an elective
23in the social sciences, a course of study in ethnic studies based on
24the model curriculum framework.

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25begin insert

begin insertSEC. 3.end insert  

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If the Commission on State Mandates determines that
26this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to
27local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made
28pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division
294 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

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30

SECTION 1.  

Section 33500 of the Education Code is amended
31to read:

32

33500.  

(a) The Legislature finds and declares both of the
33following:

34(1) There is further need to encourage the adoption of new or
35improved educational ideas, practices, and techniques in solving
36critical educational problems in preschool, elementary, and
37secondary schools throughout the state. In recognition of the need
38for the planning and developing of new programs involving a wide
39range of new approaches designed to improve the quality of
40education available in this state, this chapter is expressly enacted
P5    1to foster innovation and create change in education, based on
2research and proven need. It is the purpose of this chapter to bring
3purposeful change and experimentation to schools throughout the
4state, through the use of all available resources of the state.

5(2) There are in existence a large number of permanent
6commissions, committees, and councils, some of which have
7overlapping duties and functions, and some of which have been
8perpetuated in existence beyond the original need or purpose for
9which they were created.

10(b) Therefore, in order to provide a more economical, efficient,
11and logical structure to educational policymaking, it is the intent
12of the Legislature to create three levels of educational advisory
13bodies: educational policy advisory commissions, educational
14advisory committees, and educational task forces.

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