BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó




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          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                        AJR 23|
          |Office of Senate Floor Analyses   |                              |
          |(916) 651-1520    Fax: (916)      |                              |
          |327-4478                          |                              |
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                                    THIRD READING


          Bill No:  AJR 23
          Author:   Bonilla (D), et al.
          Amended:  6/22/15 in Assembly
          Vote:     21

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  68-4, 6/22/15 - See last page for vote

           SUBJECT:   Title IX:  43rd anniversary


          SOURCE:    Author


          DIGEST:  This resolution commemorates the 43rd anniversary of  
          Title IX on June 23, 2015, and urges Californians to continue to  
          work together to achieve the goals set by Title IX.


          ANALYSIS:  This resolution makes the following legislative  
          findings:


          1)Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a federal law  
            that specifically states that no person in the United States  
            shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in,  
            be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination  
            under any education program or activity receiving federal  
            financial assistance.


          2)All public and private elementary schools and secondary  
            schools, school districts, colleges, and universities  
            receiving any federal funding must comply with Title IX which  
            requires equal access in recruitment, admissions, counseling,  
            financial assistance, discipline, employment, and athletics;  








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            protection from sex-based harassment; and equitable treatment  
            of pregnant and parenting students.


          3)Prior to the enactment of Title IX, many women and girls faced  
            discrimination and limited opportunities in athletics,  
            academics, and extracurricular activities.


          4)The educational equity guaranteed in Title IX does not solely  
            apply to women.  It protects everyone from sex-based  
            discrimination, regardless of real or perceived sex, gender  
            identity, or gender expression.


          5)Although Title IX has increased opportunities for girls and  
            women in academics, sports, and other educational activities,  
            it has not yet achieved the goal of full equality.




          This resolution commemorates the 43rd anniversary of Title IX on  
          June 23, 2015, and urges Californians to continue to work  
          together to achieve the goals set by Title IX.




          Comments


          Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in all educational  
          institutions that receive federal funding. This applies to all  
          aspects of education and types of sex discrimination including  
          athletics, sexual harassment and assault, harassment based on  
          gender identity, science and math education, and facilities and  
          course offerings. 

          Before Title IX, girls were precluded from participating in most  
          athletic activities in school. However, since the enactment of  
          Title IX, the participation and interest of girls and women in  








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          sports has soared. Prior to Title IX, less than 300,000 girls  
          participated in high school sports in California. Today, there  
          are over 2.37 million female participants in California.

          According to a report by the U.S. Department of Education (Title  
          IX: 25 Years of Progress), in the quarter century since Title IX  
          came into existence, women have been granted greater  
          opportunities to reach their full human potential, especially in  
          sports. The report states that from 1971 to 1996, there was a  
          fourfold increase in the participation of women in  
          intercollegiate sports. 


          Prior Legislation




          AJR 27 (Bonilla, Resolution Chapter 74, Statutes of 2012)  
          commemorated the 40th anniversary of Title IX on June 23, 2012,  
          commend the movement toward increased equality and fair  
          treatment of female athletes, and praised the goal of greater  
          opportunities in sports for girls and young women in California.


          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:NoLocal:    No


          SUPPORT:   (Verified6/29/15)


          California Association for Health, Physical Education,  
          Recreation and Dance


          OPPOSITION:   (Verified6/29/15)


          None received

          ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT:  According to the author, "Title IX has  








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          set a standard for fair treatment for women nationwide.  It has  
          served as inspiration to California law makers to author laws  
          promoting women's equity.  Although Title IX's impact has been  
          profound, there is more to do."

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  68-4, 6/22/15
           AYES: Achadjian, Alejo, Baker, Bigelow, Bloom, Bonilla, Bonta,  
            Brown, Burke, Calderon, Campos, Chang, Chau, Chávez, Chiu,  
            Chu, Cooley, Cooper, Dababneh, Daly, Dodd, Eggman, Frazier,  
            Beth Gaines, Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, Gatto, Gipson,  
            Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gray, Hadley, Roger Hernández,  
            Holden, Irwin, Jones-Sawyer, Kim, Lackey, Levine, Linder,  
            Lopez, Low, Maienschein, Mayes, McCarty, Medina, Mullin,  
            Nazarian, Obernolte, O'Donnell, Olsen, Perea, Quirk, Rendon,  
            Ridley-Thomas, Rodriguez, Salas, Santiago, Steinorth, Mark  
            Stone, Thurmond, Ting, Waldron, Weber, Wilk, Williams, Atkins
           NOES: Gallagher, Grove, Patterson, Wagner
           NO VOTE RECORDED: Travis Allen, Brough, Dahle, Harper, Jones,  
            Mathis, Melendez, Wood

          Prepared by: Jonas Austin / SFA / (916) 651-1520
          6/30/15 10:41:16
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